FICO - Your Credit Score
Because we live in an automated, it's probably not that surprising that your creditworthiness comes down to one number.
This score is built by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from your various loans: mortgages, car/motorcycle/boat loans, credit cards, etcetera.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors to build a credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- Payment History - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of giving you a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly by agency. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Most borrowers who want to get a mortgage in the current environment score 620 or above.
Your credit score affects your monthly payment
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my FICO score?
Is it possible to raise your FICO score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Getting your credit score
In order to improve your score, you must get the credit reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three agencies. They also provide helpful information and tools that can help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from all three credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your credit score? Call us at 630-717-3600.