Title Insurance Protects Your Investment
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The biggest investment you will make in your lifetime will probably be the purchase of a home. So before you sign on the dotted line, you want to be certain that the property's title is free of other claims.
A title company does all the research to insure that a property has clear title. Making sure that a property is clear of all legal encumbrances is the job of a title company.
You pay the title insurance company a single premium which includes the cost of verifying clear title and covers you in case some fault is later discovered in the title.
The title insurance company searches the title history of the property. Through its research, the title company can usually find any title problems and clear up these problems before you close on the property.
Because Real Estate Law is so complex, you need an expert to make sure that all previous transactions have been correct, so you don't end up with legal problems or a problem selling your property. Your title insurance owner's policy will describe the property and outline any recorded limitations on your ownership. It will also cover what the title insurance company is responsible for. Title insurance covers the following:
- Contested title — Someone, usually a previous owner or occupant, claims they still own the property or have not given up their claim. If this happens, the title company will defend the title and will cost you nothing.
- Defective title — "Defective title" covers any number of problems with the title to your home. It can even include a "contested title". Defects are rare, but they can be very difficult, making the property inaccessible, unbuildable, or unsaleable. Any number of other complicated problems define "Defective title" or "Clouded Title." The title insurance company will discover these title problems, or should they miss them, protect you from financial loss - up to the amount of the policy.
At Ashok Lakshmanan, we answer questions about this process every day. Call us: 630-717-3600.