Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an automated, you're probably not surprised to hear that your creditworthiness comes down to a single number.
The FICO score is built by credit reporting agencies. These agencies use the payment history of all of your loans: mortgages, car loans, credit cards, and the like.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, all of the agencies use the following to calculate your credit score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of lending you money?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
Your score affects your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Because the FICO score is based on your lifelong credit history, it's hard to change it quickly. You must, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect data on your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
Know your FICO
To raise your FICO score, you must have the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide information and tools that can help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call: 630-717-3600.