About the FICO Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to just one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax, the three major credit agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary from one agency to another, each agency uses the following to calculate your score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you have, and how much do you owe on them?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of giving you a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is a single number: your FICO score. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most people getting a mortgage in the current environment score 620 or above.
Your score greatly affects your interest rate
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
Is there any way to raise your FICO score? Since the FICO score is based on your lifelong credit history, it is hard to make a significant improvement in the number with quick fixes. You should, of course, remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
How do I find out my credit score?
To raise your credit score, you've got to obtain the credit reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is quick and very inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us at 630-717-3600.