You Credit Score- How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history in order to create your FICO score.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors in calculating a credit score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted differently depending on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Typical home buyers probably find their scores above 620.
Credit scores make a big difference in interest rates
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your FICO score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the score is formulated from your lifelong credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. You must appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect data on your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Getting your credit score
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to obtain your score and make certain that the credit reports from each reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three agencies. They also provide helpful information and online tools that help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from all three credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your credit score? Give us a call: 630-717-3600.